Direct spectroscopic evidence for phase competition between the pseudogap and superconductivity in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ
M. Hashimoto, E. A. Nowadnick, R.-H. He, I. M. Vishik, B. Moritz, Y. He, K. Yanaka, R. G. Moore, D. Lu, Y. Yoshida, M. Ishikado, T. Sasagawa, K. Fuita, S. Ishida, S. Uchida, H. Eisaki, Z. Hussain, T. P. Devereaux, Z.-X. Shen
In the high-temperature (Tc) cuprate superconductors, increasing evidence suggests that the pseudogap, existing below the pseudogap temperature T*, has a distinct broken electronic symmetry from that of superconductivity. Particularly, recent scattering experiments on the underdoped cuprates have suggested that a charge ordering competes with superconductivity. However, no direct link of this physics and the important low-energy excitations has been identified. Here we report an antagonistic singularity at Tc in the spectral weight of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ as a compelling evidence for phase competition, which persists up to a high hole concentration p ~ 0.22. Comparison with a theoretical calculation confirms that the singularity is a signature of competition between the order parameters for the pseudogap and superconductivity. The observation of the spectroscopic singularity at finite temperatures over a wide doping range provides new insights into the nature of the competitive interplay between the two intertwined phases and the complex phase diagram near the pseudogap critical point.
Interfacial mode coupling as the origin of the enhancement of Tc in FeSe films on SrTiO3
J. J. Lee, F. T. Schmitt, R. G. Moore, S. Johnston, Y.-T. Cui, W. Li, M. Yi, Z. K. Liu, M. Hashimoto, Y. Zhang, D. H. Lu, T. P. Devereaux, D.-H. Lee, Z.-X. Shen
How Cooper pairs, the building blocks of superconductivity, can form at high temperatures in the cuprates and iron-based superconductors continues to pose a major intellectual challenge in physics. Recently a system composed of a single unit cell thick iron selenide film (1UC FeSe) grown on SrTiO3 (STO) substrate shows a superconducting-like energy gap at temperatures close to the boiling point of liquid nitrogen (77 K), a record for iron-based superconductors. Here, we report high resolution angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) results which reveal an unexpected and unique characteristic of the 1UC FeSe/STO system: each energy band of the FeSe film is almost exactly replicated at a fixed energy separation. Such a special shake off phenomenon suggests the presence of bosonic modes, most likely oxygen optical phonons in STO, which can only transmit anomalously small momentum to the electrons. Small-momentum-transfer electron-phonon coupling has the unusual benefit of helping superconductivity inmost channels, including those mediated by spin fluctuations. Our calculations suggest such coupling is responsible for raising the superconducting gap opening temperature in 1UC FeSe/STO. This discovery suggests a pathway to engineer high temperature superconductors.